Anopheles

Name-bearing Type

  • Meigen
  • 1818:10
  • Type Species: Anopheles maculipennis

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Anopheles is found nearly world-wide, with species occurring in temperate, subtropical and tropical areas. Absent from the majority of the Pacific Islands, including the large ones of New Zealand, Fiji and New Caledonia, and isolated islands in the Atlantic however. Anopheles species may be found at elevations from sea-level to mountainous terrain.

Phylogeny

Not yet available.

Bionomics

Not yet available.

Culicidae » Anophelinae
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Representative species shown here: Anopheles gambiae

Important References

  • Lane, 1953 (Neotropical Region)
  • Mattingly & Knight, 1956 (Arabia)
  • Cova-Garcia, 1961 (Venezuela)
  • Belkin, 1962 (taxonomy, South Pacific)
  • Forattini, 1962 (Neotropical Region)
  • DuBose & Curtin, 1965 (keys, Mediterranean area)
  • Grjebine, 1966 (Madagascar)
  • Gillies & de Meillon, 1968 (Afrotropical Region)
  • Reid, 1968 (Malaysia, Borneo)
  • Belkin et al., 1970 (Jamaica)
  • Cagampang-Ramos & Darsie, 1970 (keys, Philippine Islands)
  • Zavortink, 1970 (tree hole species, New World)
  • Zavortink, 1973 (subgenus Kerteszia)
  • Gutsevich et al., 1974 (former USSR)
  • Harrison & Scanlon, 1975 (subgenus Anopheles, Thailand)
  • Klein, 1977a (Cambodia)
  • Faran, 1980 (Albimanus Section, subgenus Nyssorhynchus)
  • Tanaka et al., 1979 (Japan)
  • Wood et al., 1979 (Canada)
  • Harrison, 1980 (Myzomyia Series, subgenus Cellia, Thailand)
  • Darsie & Ward, 1981, 2005 (keys, North America)
  • Faran & Linthicum, 1981 (subgenus Nyssorhynchus, Amazonia)
  • Lu & Li, 1982 (China)
  • Clark-Gil & Darsie, 1983 (Guatemala)
  • Rao, 1984 (India)
  • Lee et al., 1987b (Australasian Region)
  • Gillies & Coetzee, 1987 (Afrotropical Region)
  • Linthicum, 1988 (Argyritarsis Section, subgenus Nyssorhynchus)
  • Das et al., 1990 (keys, India)
  • Darsie & Pradhan, 1990 (Nepal)
  • Wilkerson & Strickman, 1990 (keys, Central America and Mexico)
  • Glick, 1992 (keys, southwestern Asia and Egypt)
  • Peyton et al., 1992 (taxonomy, subgenera Kerteszia and Nyssorhynchus)
  • Harbach, 1994, 2004 (internal classification)
  • Rattanarithikul & Panthusiri, 1994 (keys, medically important species, Thailand)
  • Nagpal & Sharma, 1995 (India)
  • Lu Baolin et al., 1997b (China)
  • Harbach et al., 2005 (subgenus Baimaia)
  • Rattanarithikul et al., 2006b (keys, Thailand)
  • Azari-Hamidian & Harbach, 2009 (keys, Iran)

Included Taxa

Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage
Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Abdomen with setae but largely devoid of scales or with only small scale patches

Mosquito generic character

Illustration credit: Not yet available.

Maxillary palpus (MPlp) apically clubbed (males)


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Maxillary palpus (MPlp) about as long as the proboscis (P) (males and females)

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Scutellum (Stm) posterior margin evenly rounded with setae evenly distributed


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Wing usually with regular pattern of pale and dark spots, in a few species wing is all dark

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Wing veins M1+2 and M3+4 straight or curved, but not wavy


Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Larval Stage
Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: Not yet available.

Palmate setae not present on mesothorax

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Abdominal setae 1 palmate, at least on abdominal segments III-VII


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Siphon (S) absent


Whole Larvae

The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit | Museum Support Center, MRC-534 | Smithsonian Institution | 4210 Silver Hill Rd. | Suitland, MD 20746-2863 USA | Ph: 301-238-1077; FAX: 301-238-3168
Entomology Branch | Walter Reed Army Institute of Research | 503 Robert Grant Avenue | Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500 USA

WRAIR logo  Smithsonian Institution logo © Smithsonian Institution  | Privacy | Terms of use | Contact WRBU