Anopheles (Ker.) cruzii

Author

  • Dyar and Knab
  • 1908:53 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901a, non Cruz 1901)
  • Type locality [not yet available]

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Synonyms

  • lutzii Theobald
    • 1901a:177 (F*)
    • Type-loc: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil(BM)
  • adolphoi Neiva
    • 1908b:457 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901, non Cruz 1901; Myzorhynchella)
    • Type-loc: Caraguatatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil (FH)
  • montemor Correa
    • 1950a:53 (M*)
    • Type-loc: Caraguatatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil (FH)

Bionomics

The immatures are found in the leaf axils of bromeliads. Females readily bite humans, especially during the evening and night. In southeastern Brazil it occurs in a variety of habitats from the coast into the mountains. (Zavortink 1973:25)

Medical Importance

In southeastern Brazil cruzii is a primary vector of human malaria and it is a natural vector of monkey malaria in the region. (Zavortink 1973:25)

Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Kerteszia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

LARVA  PUPA

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.





Adult Stage, illustrations:


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