Anopheles (Cel.) funestus
- 1900b:50 (M, F*).
- Freetown, [Sierra Leone] (BM)
Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Dem. Rep. Congo, Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
In most parts of its range, funestus breeds characteristically in
bodies of clear water that are either large and more or less permanent,
e.g. swamps (near edges if deep), weedy sides of streams, rivers, furrows
or ditches, protected portions of lake shore, ponds, etc., especially
when weedy, or water such as seepages, which are fed from underground
permanent sources (Evans 1938).
A. funestus is one of the most anthropophilic mosquitoes known… The great bulk of feeding takes place inside houses after 2200h up to dawn (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).
A. funestus is a vector of malaria and bancroftian filariasis (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).
Adult Stage, detail images:
Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.