Anopheles (Nys.) nuneztovari s.l.

Author

  • Gabaldon
  • 1940:5 (M*)
  • San Carlos, Cojedes, Venezuela (MDM)

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Synonyms

  • goeldii Rozeboom and Gabaldon
    • 1941:89 (M*, P*, L*, E)
    • Type-loc: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil(BM)

Bionomics

The immatures of nuneztovari are found in open marshy areas, ponds and lakes (often in the grassy margins), small to large, permanent or temporary ground pools, animal and wheel tracks, and along stream margins. They are found in fresh water exposed to the full sun or in partial shade. Aquatic vegetation may be abundant, and algae are often present. An. nuneztovari is collected in the interior or in clearings within the forest, and in areas of secondary growth (scrub), such as around villages. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:50)

Medical Importance

An. nuneztovari is a primary vector of malaria in western Venezuela and northern Colombia, and is a probable vector in Suriname; in some areas where it occurs in Venezuela, spleen indices have been close to 100% (Gabaldon and Guerrero 1959). In Venezuela and Colombia the vector potential of nuneztovari has been reported to depend on the density of the nearby vegetation surrounding regions of habitation, which may be correlated with the vector's greater life expectancy and density in the forest (Hamon, Mouchet et al. 1970). In the Amazon basin nuneztovari has not been reported as being important as a vector of malaria. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:9)

Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Nyssorhynchus
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

LARVA  PUPA

Adult Stage, detail images:

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Adult Stage, illustrations:


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