Culex (Ocu.) bitaeniorhynchus


  • Giles
  • 1901a:607 (A)
  • Travancore, India (BM)


SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap

Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Korea, South, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso, Juan De Nova Is. and Mayotte), Malaysia, Micronesia, Federated States of, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea (Island) - Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe


  • ager Giles
    • 1901c:196 (F; Taeniorhynchus)
    • Type-loc: Madras Presidency, India (BM)
    • Townsend 1990:38 (type info.)
  • ethiopicus Edwards
    • 1912c:30 (A*; ager var.)
    • Type-loc: [Bole, Northern Territories, Ghana] (BM)
    • Edwards 1941:291 (M*, F*; tax.; resurrected from syn. with bitaeniorhynchus), 415 (P*)
    • Harbach 1988:101 (syn.)
  • abdominalis Taylor
    • 1913:53 (F*; Culicelsa)
    • Type-loc: Ayr and Townsville, Queensland, Australia (NE)
  • karatsuensis Mochizuki
    • 1913:28 (M*, F*, E)
    • Type-loc: Karatsu, Kyushu, Japan (LU)


Larvae are restricted to ground water habitats containing Spirogyra. Females are primarily bird feeders in Thailand. In New Guinea, a form readily bites man (Harbach 1988, Bram 1967).

Medical Importance

It has been found naturally infected with W. bancrofti in India, and Burgia malayi in Sri Lanka. It is associated with Murray Valley encephalitis in Australia and with Batai virus in India (Harbach 1988).

Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Oculeomyia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Barraud 1934:391 (M*, F, L*)
  • LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950:201 (M*, F*, P*, L*)
  • Asanuma and Nakagawa 1953:93 (P*)
  • Hara 1957:55 (F*)
  • Belkin 1962a:215 (M*, F, P*, L*)
  • Bram 1967b: 258 (M*, F*, P*, L*; syn.)
  • Lofti 1973:206 (n. distr.)
  • Sirivanakarn 1973c:235 (M*,F* ,P,L; tax.)
  • Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:367 (M*, F, L*)
  • Rickenbach, Eouzan, Ferrara and Bailly-Choumara 1976:96 (distr.)
  • Service 1976:262 (distr )
  • Sirivanakarn 1976:65 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distr.)
  • Harbach 1988:105 (neotype desig.).

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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