Culex (Cux.) pipiens


  • Linnaeus
  • 1758:602 (A)
  • Europe; Lapponia; America (USNM)



Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Comoros, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Honduras, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, South, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Madagascar (includes Glorioso, Juan De Nova Is. and Mayotte), Mauritania, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Nigeria, Norway, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom (includes Guernsey, Jersey, Isle of Man), United States, contiguous lower 48, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Zimbabwe


  • bifurcatus Linnaeus
    • 1758:603 (A [type = An. (Ano.) claviger)
    • Type-loc: Europe (LSL)
    • Natvig 1948:438 (syst.)
    • Harbach, Dahl and White 1985:7 (lectotype desig.)
  • fasciatus Mueller
    • 1764:87 (A)
    • Type-loc: none designated (LU)
  • trifurcatus Fabricius
  • luteus Meigen
    • 1804:6 (F)
    • Type-loc: Europe (NE)
  • domesticus Germar


Larvae are found in numerous and variable breeding places ranging from highly polluted cesspits to clear water pools and containers. This species usually breeds in stagnant water in either shaded or unshaded situations. Females readily attack man both indoors and outdoors (Harbach 1988).

Medical Importance

It has been found naturally infected with Sindbis virus and West Nile viruses in Israel, West Nile and Rift Valley Fever in Egypt, and is a primary vector of periodic Bancroftian filariasis (Harbach 1988).


Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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