Culex (Cux.) theileri


  • Theobald
  • 1903a:187 (M*, F*)
  • Pretoria, Transvaal [South Africa] (BM)


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Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nepal, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, Zimbabwe


  • alpha Seguy
    • 1924:41 (L*)
    • Type-loc: Algeria (MNHP)
    • Harbach 1988:61 (syn.; lectotype L illustration desig; specimen NE?)
  • annulata Theobald
    • 1913a:321 (F; as var.)
    • Type-loc: Onderstepoort, Transvaal (BM)
  • creticus Theobald
    • 1903a:189 (F)
    • Type-loc: Crete, Greece (BM)
  • onderstepoortensis Theobald
    • 1911b:265 (F*)
    • Type-loc: Onderstepoort,Transvaal (BM)
    • Townsend 1990:115 (type info.)
  • pettigrewii Theobald
    • 1910a:15 (F)
    • Type-loc: Ukhrul, Manipur, 6400ft., [Assam], India (BM)
    • Townsend 1990:120 (type info.)


Adults were collected resting in vegetation and were attracted to human bait near sunset and to CDC traps set in secondary forests, and along edges of swamps and rivers. Larvae are reported from stagnant water (Forattini & Sallum 1996).

Medical Importance

Cx theileri is the principal epidemic vector of Rift Valley fever virus (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) on the inland plateau of southern Africa. (McIntosh 1980)

Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Culex
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Kirkpatrick 1925:115 (M*, F, P*, L*- as tipuliformis )
  • Edwards 1941:305 (M, F*), 419 (P)
  • Senevet 1949:57 (M*)
  • Hopkins 1952:289 (L*)
  • Noeldner 1953:10 (M*, L*)
  • Rioux 1958:251 (M*, F*, L*)
  • Aslamkhan 1971b:147 (distr.)
  • Sirivanakarn 1976:46 (distr.)
  • Minar 1976:336 (distr.)
  • Ahmed 1987:187 (distr.)
  • Harbach 1988:61 ((M*, F, P*, L*; distr.).

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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