Culex (Cux.) tritaeniorhynchus
- 1901a:606 (A)
- Travancore, India (BM)
Angola, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Hong Kong,India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, South, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso, Juan De Nova Is. and Mayotte), Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Micronesia, Federated States of, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Vietnam
- Theobald 1905f:82 (M* ,F)
- Type-loc: Bombay, India (HNM)
- Dyar. 1920h:180 (M; as sp.)
- Type-loc: Los Banos, [Laguna, Luzon], Philippines (USNM)
- LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950:230 (M*, F* , P*, L*)
- Hara 1957:56 (F*) [both refs. as tritaeniorhynchus]
- Colless 1957a:98 (M*, F, L*; tax.; to ssp. status)
- Bram 1967b:225 (syn.)
- Sirivanakarn 1976:129 (tax.)
Larvae are found in many temporary, semi-permanent and permanent ground
water habitats that are sunlit and contain vegetation. Habitats include,
but are not limited to, ground pools, streams, swamps, and low-salinity
tidal marshes. (Bram 1967).
Females are primarily cattle- and pig-biters, but will feed on man in their absence (Bram 1967).
Primary vector of Japanese B encephalitis in the oriental region (Bram 1967).
Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Culex
- Kirkpatrick1925:111 (M*, F, P*, L*)
- Barraud 1934:404 (M*, F, L*)
- Ovazza, Hamon, and Neri 1956:169 (L*)
- Colless 1957a:100 (tax.).
- Reuben 1969:650 (M*, F*, L*)
- Aslamkhan 1971b:147 (distr.)
- Matsuo and Iwaki 1972:349 (tax.)
- Joshi, Pradhan and Darsie 1965:138 (distr.)
- Ree, Self, Hong and Lee 1973:383 (distr.)
- Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:382 (M*, F*, L*)
- Sirivanakarn 1975a:73 ( M*, F*, P*, L*)
- Sirivanakarn 1976:129 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distr.)
- Harbach 1988:106 (M, F, P*, L*)
Adult Stage, detail images:
Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.