Culex (Cux.) univittatus


  • Theobald
  • 1901c:29 (M*,F*)
  • Salisbury, Rhodesia (BM)


SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, India, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso, Juan De Nova Is. and Mayotte), Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Portugal, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe


  • simplex Theobald
    • 1903a:337 (F*; Heptaphlebomyia)
    • Type-loc: Salisbury, Mashonaland, [Southern Rhodesia] (BM)
  • montforti Ventrillon
    • 1905a:448 (M*, F; Heptaphleobmyia)
    • Type-loc: Ankajobe, Madagascar (BM)
    • White 1975: 321 (lectotype desig.)
    • Townsend 1990:106 (type info.).
  • goughii Theobald
    • 1911b:268 (syntype F* only)
    • Type-loc: Onderstepoort, Transvaal (BM)
    • White 1975:320 (tax.).


Larvae are found in ground pools, marshy pools, barrow pits, stagnant drains and streams, canals and shallow wells. Females feed on birds and mammals other than man (Sirivanakarn 1976).

Medical Importance

Vector of West Nile and Sindbis viruses (Sirivanakarn 1976).

Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Culex
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Edwards 1941:306 (M*, F*), 419 (P)
  • Hopkins 1952:291 (L*)
  • Mattingly and Knight 1956:104 (tax.)
  • Senevet, Andarelli, and Lieutaud 1957:52 (M*, tax.)
  • Jupp 1970:9 (M*, tax.)
  • Jupp 1971:339 (tax.)
  • Jupp 1972:103 (M*; tax.)
  • Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:385 (M*, F, L*)
  • White 1975:316,320 (tax.; lectotype desig.; distr.)
  • Sirivanakarn 1976:48 (M*, F*, P ,L*;distr.)

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit | Museum Support Center, MRC-534 | Smithsonian Institution | 4210 Silver Hill Rd. | Suitland, MD 20746-2863 USA | Ph: 301-238-1077; FAX: 301-238-3168
Entomology Branch | Walter Reed Army Institute of Research | 503 Robert Grant Avenue | Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500 USA

WRAIR logo  Smithsonian Institution logo © Smithsonian Institution  | Privacy | Terms of use | Contact WRBU