Larvae are usually found at the edge of swamp forest. Larvae use specially
modified siphons to pierce stems and roots of aquatic vegetation to obtain
air. Females are crepuscular and prefer cattle but but will bite man
both inside and outside (Wharton 1962).
The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit | Museum Support Center, MRC-534 | Smithsonian Institution | 4210 Silver Hill Rd. | Suitland, MD 20746-2863 USA | Ph: 301-238-1077; FAX: 301-238-3168 Entomology Branch | Walter Reed Army Institute of Research | 503 Robert Grant Avenue | Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500 USA